Amazon Dash Button Hackery with Python

I bought a few Amazon Dash Buttons as part of Prime Day. These are the cheaper $4.99 buttons, not the more expensive $19.99 AWS IoT Buttons. In this blog post I’ll walk through how to make these cheaper buttons do what the more expensive button does.

What You Need

  • One or more Amazon Dash Buttons. You’ll need to add the button to your Amazon account, but do not pick a product to buy. Just exit the set-up process without picking a product and you’ll be all set.
  • Computer with root (sudo) access (or RaspberryPi or other device capable of running Python).
  • The code from GitHub.

Background

How exactly does the dash button work? In a nutshell, every time you press it, the button connects to the Wi-Fi network, pings Amazon, and then shuts back down for power savings. We’ll exploit the first step in that process – connecting to the Wi-Fi network. Using Python, we can listen for special “ARP probe” packets the Dash Button sends when it attempts to connect to Wi-Fi. All you need to know is the MAC address of the Dash Button and then listen for these ARP packets. When an ARP packet with your Dash Button’s MAC address is detected, you know the button was pressed, and you can call whatever Python methods you want.

Finding the MAC Address

The first step once you’ve set up your Dash Button (but have no picked a product to actually buy!) is to find the button’s MAC address. Grab your computer and connect it to the same Wi-Fi network as your button, then run the pydashbutton.py script as root and watch for any MAC addresses that are printed when you press the button. One important thing to note is that there seems to be throttling when pressing the button. Pressing the button multiple times per minute might not work.

Running Methods on Button Press

Now that you have the MAC address to listen for, all you need to do is throw some if/else logic into that same listener script to run code when a MAC address is detected. Check out the script and make any modifications you need. I included a simple example for logging button presses to a Google Sheet when pressing a button.

The Code

Check out the code on GitHub. Have fun!

 

Data Science from Scratch – Microreview

I recently finished reading Data Science from Scratch by Joel Grus. This book is a great introduction to data science concepts. It uses real code to demonstrate complex Python, data analytics, data science, and machine learning concepts.

I’m really glad I picked up this book as the first book I’ve read about machine learning. There was a great combination of mathematics, statistics, and real applications of machine learning algorithms.

The book starts out with a quick introduction to Python, followed by an in-depth review of all the math you need for the code to make sense.

If you’re looking for a book that’ll show you how to use Tensorflow or scikit-learn, this book is not for you. I’d recommend reading this book before diving into those. You’ll learn about the math behind popular machine learning libraries and implement basic versions of some of the most popular algorithms from scratch.

I think the next book I’ll pick up after this one is Python Data Science Handbook which will go into more detail on using a bunch of Python libraries to do some of this machine learning for me.

 

Jekyll in Docker

Recently I’ve been playing around with Jekyll to create some simple websites. I’ve used Jekyll in the past and I remember that the set-up was a multi-step process.

Jekyll is a Ruby application that uses several Gems and Bundler. That means installing several dependencies. In my case I don’t have a Ruby development environment already set up, so I would have to install all these packages just to use a static site generator.

Then I found the official Jekyll Docker image.

I already have Docker installed to play around with other containers, so downloading a Jekyll container and using it was as easy as:

docker run --rm --label=jekyll --volume=$(pwd):/srv/jekyll \
  -it -p 127.0.0.1:4000:4000 jekyll/jekyll jekyll serve

That’s all there is to it. This command will download the latest Jekyll image and start serving your site. No need to install Ruby, Gem, Bundler, or a bunch of other dependencies.

 

Fluent Python – Microreview

If you really want to get into the details of Python and learn about how the language was built and how some of its internals are implemented, Fluent Python is the book for you.

It’s a great book to refresh your knowledge of coroutines, asyncio, and other Python goodies.

 

Flask Web Development – Miguel Grinberg Microreview

If you’re just getting started with Flask or you want to learn about the innards of Django (yep, that’s right), “Flask Web Development” is the perfect place to start. This book dives right in with creating a full web application, including Jinja templates, authentication, building a REST API, forms, databases, security, and deployment to Heroku using Git. This book will get you up and running with Flask and then quickly go into detail on how to build a full web application.

However, in my opinion, Flask should be used for small applications, but this book goes into full detail about creating a half-Django for a full web application.

With that in mind, this book is great for learning about Django – how would you implement CSRF token checks? How would you set up database migrations from scratch? How would you handle forms? Django does all of that, but hides it all from developers. This book goes into full detail reimplementing a lot of what Django gives you out-of-the-box, which is great.

Overall I highly recommend “Flask Web Development” if you’re learning either Flask, Django, or just web-backend development in general. Don’t just use what Django gives you out of the box and ignore how it’s implemented. This book will answer questions like “Why does my Django app need a SECRET_KEY? What is this CSRF error I keep seeing? How do database migrations work? How do I write my own mail handler?”, making you a better Django developer.

Get it here: http://a.co/73ERCK9